For the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy, the doctor will perform an eye test after dilating the eyes . Dilation of the eyes helps the doctor to check the inside of your eyes clearly. This test helps provide detailed images of your eyes
Diabetes affects many organs of the body, including the eyes. The main concern for eye health in diabetics is the development of a condition called diabetic retinopathy. It develops when the blood vessels in the retina get damaged. The retina is a light-sensitive part present at the back of your eye.
The damage may cause the blood vessels to thicken, close off, develop clots, leak, or grow microaneurysms. In some cases, fluid may get accumulated in the part of the retina that is used to perform essential tasks such as reading. This condition is called macular edema.
Treatment, which depends largely on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have and how severe it is, is geared to slowing or stopping the progression.
- Early diabetic retinopathy
- Advanced diabetic retinopathy
- Injecting medications into the eye.
- Panretinal photocoagulation